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Estonia and Kazakhstan »

Kazakhstan - Relations

29.10.2014

(last updated: 21.01.2014)

 

Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Estonia and the Republic of Kazakhstan were established on 27 May 1992. The Estonian Embassy in Astana was opened in 2011. The Estonian ambassador to Kazakhstan is Jaan Hein who presented his credentials to President Nazarbayev on 12 September 2011. Kazakhstan’s Ambassador to Estonia Galymzhan Koishybayev presented his credentials to President Toomas Hendrik Ilves in February 2009 and he resides in Helsinki. There is a Kazakh Consulate in Tallinn, headed by Consul Talgat Urekenov.

 

Good and operative relations reign between Estonia and Kazakhstan, and co-operation between institutions of the two countries has been established. In 2010 an intergovernmental commission began its work, with the goal of discussing bilateral co-operation in the economic, educational and research sectors in accordance with the agreement for economic, research and technical co-operation that came into effect in 2010.

Visits

To Kazakhstan:
September 2012 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip with a business delegation
May 2012 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
February 2011 Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications Juhan Parts for the 2nd session of the Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission
December 2010 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip at the OSCE summit
July 2010 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet at the meeting of OSCE foreign ministers
September 2009 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip with a business delegation
October 2008 Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
October 2006 Minister of Transport and Communications Edgar Savisaar
June 2004 President Arnold Rüütel with a business delegation
April 2001 Minister of Transport and Communications Toivo Jürgenson at the transit conference in Astana
June 2000 Minister of Transport and Communications Toivo Jürgenson at the transport and transit conference TRANSEURASIA 2000
To Estonia:
August 2012 Minister of Transportation and Communication Askar Zhumagaliyev at the third session of the Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission
April 2011 State visit of President Nursultan Nazarbayev
March 2010 Deputy Foreign Minister Rapil Zhoshybayev at the first session of the Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission
February 2001 Chairman of the Parliament Jarmakhan Tujakbai with a parliamentary delegation
December 2000 Deputy Prime Minister Daniyal Ahmetov with a delegation of governmental and business representatives
May 2000 Minister of Foreign Affairs Erlan Idrisov

Bilateral treaties

  • Agreement on mutual understanding and cooperation (entered into force on 25 May 1995).
  • Agreement on avoidance of double taxation and prevention of tax evasion (came into force 19 Jul 2000).
  • Agreement on international road transport (came into force 18 Dec 2002).
  • Agreement on cooperation in the field of railway transport (came into force 29 Mar 2003).
  • Agreement on cooperation in the fight against organized crime and other forms of crime (signed 2 Jun 2004, provisionally applicable from the moment of signing).
  • Agreement on co-operation in the field of culture and humanities (came into force 9 June 2006).
  • Agreement on economic, research and technical co-operation (came into force 4 March 2010).
  • Agreement on co-operation in combating organized and other forms of crime (came into force 16 January 2012).

Economic relations

The entry into force of the agreement on economic, research and technical co-operation in 2010 was of great importance for the development of economic relations. On the basis of that agreement, an Estonia-Kazakhstan intergovernmental commission convened for the first time in 2010. By today, the commission has had four sessions, with the fourth one held in Astana on 5-6 November 2013. The Estonian delegation was led by Minister Juhan Parts and the Kazakhstan delegation by the Minister of Transportation and Communications Askar Zhumagaliyev. The plenary session of the commission included general economic relations between Estonia and Kazakhstan, including trade, transport and communications, agriculture, education and research, and the social sphere. In addition to the plenary session, expert meetings took place in many of the aforementioned sectors, during which concrete opportunities and steps for intensifying future co-operation were discussed. During the plenary session, both Estonia and Kazakhstan expressed satisfaction with the development thus far of bilateral communication, since cooperation is advancing rapidly and has expanded significantly.

TRADE

Estonian-Kazakhstan trade 2005-2011 (in million EUR)

Year Exports Imports
2005 18.8 13.3
2006 21.2 51.5
2007 27.6 39.4
2008 28 25.8
2009 21.6 13.6
2010 95.6 50.4
2011 48.4 77.5
2012 86.2 47.6

All economic figures originate from the Statistical Office of Estonia
 

The steady growth in trade seen in earlier years slowed in 2009, but grew again in 2010. While in 2009 Kazakhstan was Estonia’s 31st trade partner with 0.3% of total trade, in 2010 it rose to 21st place with 0.8% of total trade. In 2011 Kazakhstan’s share of Estonia’s total trade was once again more modest with 0.55%, which put it in 27th place. In 2012 trade recovered a bit and Kazakhstan rose one place among Estonia’s trade partners to occupy 26th place, with a total trade turnover of 133.9 million (0.5% of total trade). Among Estonia’s export partners Kazakhstan was in 22nd place (0.7% of all exports) with a turnover of 86.2 million euros and among import partners in 26th place (0.3% of imports) with a turnover of 47.6 million.

Main export articles in 2012 (% of total exports):

  • Machinery and equipment  – 70.5%
  • Foodstuff and beverages (alcohol, canned fish and other fish products) -– 9.3%
  • Metals and metal products – 5.9%

Main import articles in 2012 (% of total imports):

  • Mineral products (petroleum oils and oils from bituminous minerals) – 98.0%
  • Plant products – 1.2%

INVESTMENTS

As at 30 June 2013, Kazakhstan’s direct investments in Estonia amounted to EUR 3.85 million. Investments have mainly been made in management and aid activities (EUR 1.03 million), real estate activities (EUR 0.8 million), transport and warehousing (EUR 0.8 million) and other sectors such as agriculture, wholesale and retail trade, financial and insurance activities and professional, research and technology related activities.

According to the Bank of Estonia, Estonia’s direct investments in Kazakhstan amounted to EUR 0.436 million as at 30 June 2013. Investments have mainly been made in transport and warehousing (EUR 0.398 million), trade, financial and insurance activities, real estate etc.

Kazakhs in Estonia

According to the 2011 census, there were 103 persons of Kazakh nationality living in Estonia.

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© Estonian Embassy in Kazakhstan Avenue Kabanbai batyr 28, Astana, tel. +7 7172 240 280, e-mail: embassy.astana@mfa.ee